by ICN5D » Fri Nov 22, 2013 6:14 am
So I'm a curious guy, I observe my universe, read about string theory, things like that. When I look around and see how everything works, I start to see some connections with common everyday occurrences and things we still have yet to explain. If it wasn't for those two books, being Hyperspace by Michio Kaku, and The Elegant Universe by Brian Greene, I would have totally missed out.
There's something interesting I notice about accelerating in a car. Of course, if your talking about a 120 hp civic you may not notice that much of a pull. But, if you own or have ever been for a ride in a quick sports car, then you know about the strong pull of "artificial" gravity that is created when the thing takes off. So, what we have going on here is that a car is increasing speed in a straight line. No change of direction, just taking off after waiting for the light to change, and accelerating to 50 mph.
Another way to generate this "artificial" gravity is by driving a constant speed around a corner. Given the curve is sharp enough, or you're going fast enough, you will feel a strong pull. Except this time, it's in a perpendicular direction to straight line acceleration. If you turned your seat to face right and took a fast right turn, you would feel the exact same thing as straight line acceleration. Another good example is the well known Vomit Comet, the airplane that gives you free fall for 45 seconds inside. This craft is taking a curved trajectory and generating the pull that cancels or doubles gravity. So, to recap once again, we have two scenarios where changing directions a constant speed around a curve creates a pulling force. It is not necessary to be changing speed for this to take effect.
Which brings me back to straight line acceleration. In two scenarios above, we made a pulling force by taking a curved path at constant speed, thus changing direction. So, when we feel this strange force when increasing speed in a straight line, what's going on here? How can this be? Well, the secret is that we are going around a curve in time. That is, changing direction in time and pointing ourselves in a direction towards space, ever so slightly. Keep in mind that we do not have to be changing speed, only changing direction along a curve to feel this force. When we travel around this temporal bend in the highway, we feel the cornering force as straight line acceleration. The momentum we carry during acceleration is angular momentum. And there it is, hidden in plain sight for every one to see. A fourth direction that we move in at a constant speed.
This brings me to a curious question: what is the constant speed that we are travelling through time? There can only be one answer to that one, and it has to be the speed of light, c. When we sit still at a traffic light, we have zero displacement in space. This is similar to driving due north, you have no east-west displacement. By taking a corner and driving NE, we feel this pull of acceleration, change our direction and add some displacement going east. We travel less distance going north now because we have given it to going east. So, if the magnitude of our vector through time is c, then changing direction in time and going around a corner will point us towards space. Pointing towards space is how we move, by removing our speed through time and adding it to space. This is how Einstein's Theory of Relativity fits in. The faster we go in space, the slower we move through time. Rotating the vector and reaching the speed of light in space means we remove all displacement through time. This is infinite velocity since travelling x miles in 0 hours is x/0, no solution, infinitely large.
But of course, there's the problem with Special Relativity. Reaching the speed of light means the mass of our atoms increase. And the faster we go, the heavier we get, thus making it harder to accelerate. Of course, this effect won't happen until one gets close to c. We're still free to travel at least a couple hundred million mph with no ill effects. Many have said that it's really the increase in electromagnetic mass from charged particles. But there's something interesting I see about the compactified dimesnions in String Theory. These tiny curled up extensions are embedded into every point of the common 4-D universe. This means travelling in a straight line will also circumnavigate the self repeating spaces trillions of times over. I'd like to refer back the old analogy of gravity as a bowling ball on a rubber sheet. Since the ball is heavy, it puts a big dent in it's space-time. This causes other objects to be attracted to it, being pulled by it's analogous gravity well. A canon ball is heavier and so will make a bigger dent. This can be interpreted as the wave function of mass. A taller wave height means more mass.
So, let's take this rubber sheet and curl it up so we can join the ends. Now, inside this rubber tube is where the bowling ball is rolling around in a circle. This is a simplified version of moving through the compactified Calabi-Yau manifold. Since travelling a straight line also cycles around the curved extensions, the bowling ball circles around inside the tube by analogy. Picking up speed effects both the extended and curled up. A curious side effect of the ball going faster around inside is that angular momentum increases and will bulge the ball further out. This is identical to the wave function of mass, since a taller wave is a heavier one. By starting with the rest mass wave height, we have increased the height by an increase in velocity. At the speed of light, something has to give and may be some sort of Calabi-Yau escape velocity. The rubber sheet of space-time tears and releases the atoms, terribly lorentz contracted and time and mass dilated.
From this theory I have come up with an interesting method for explaining the Quantum Foam on the Plank scale. This is where space and time break down, and pure energy can be taken out on a short term loan from the bank of space-time. This pure energy is momentarily converted into a particle-antiparticle pair. They don't stay apart for long, though. Being so close and electrically attracted to each other seals their fate. Not soon after do they recombine and release their energy back into space-time. It's very strange how the two were exact equals and opposites. Equal in mass, yet opposite in this thing called charge. Similar to the poles of a magnet, same poles repel, opposites attract. According to the wave function, if height represents magnitude of mass, then charge is angle or direction of the wave. Opposite charges means oppositely pointing waves. When these two waves overlap in place, they destructively interfere and cancel out their mass-wave, turning into pure energy in the form of photons.
Photons are interesting little things. They are pieces of some substance, yet they have no mass. What can be something and nothing at the same time? If we interpret the photon's wave function as being a dual-wave which points in both directions at the same time, then it interacts with the waves of mass as a massless entity. This is akin to Schrodinger's Cat, where the cat is both alive and dead inside the closed box. Two equal waves repel, opposites attract, and dual waves are neutral. They exist in a combined state of being as a tiny piece of matter-antimatter wave. This makes sense because before annihilation, both the matter and antimatter wave were in the same place at the same time. Two huge and tall waves pointing in opposite directions at maximum proximity, before the effects of quantum law took hold. Energy is just tiny pieces of combined matter-antimatter. Matter is just tiny pieces of half-energy. When matter combines with antimatter, the tiny pieces of energy are reassembled into their dual-wave form and explode outward.
So if by combining matter and antimatter gives us pure energy as photons, how can we combine photons to create the matter-antimatter pair? One interesting way I came up with was what I call the super massive photon. Its quantum state is a giant dual-wave, exactly like the state of being before annihilation. Except this time, this is the state before creation. Before the super massive dual-wave reaches a critical energy threshold and tears itself apart. The two halves are the individual up or down pair of matter-antimatter waves. But how does one tear apart a super massive photon? It may have something to do with the compactified dimensions of the Calabi-Yau space. Circumnavigation at great speed could carry enough angular momentum to tear apart the waves. Another way I thought about was the angular momentum with a photon's polarity. This would only work with a collapsing cloud of smaller photons. As the clump shrinks, it picks up speed in its rotation and flings itself apart.
How can a cloud of photons collapse into a larger one? A good question, and could be done through a process of quantum entangling in condensed matter physics. Assuming all particles are really tiny snippets of waves, the speed of collision is also affecting interaction time. At normal temperatures, atoms bounce off each other at a high enough speed that their tiny little wave parts don't have time to interact and behave like solid objects. But slowing them down by cooling allows the interaction time to be long enough for the tiny wave parts to mingle in the way of waves. When most of the little waves get close together, they overlap to constructively interfere into a single giant particle wave. Much in the same way swimming at the beach, when we see two smaller waves overlap and converge, they create a bigger version of the starting ingredients. So, if a cloud of photons are condensing and entangling, they all start to form a giant wave out of the smaller ones. And in this case, a giant dual-wave.
What can cause a cloud of photons to suddenly condense? Well, this is going out on a limb, but perhaps through some relation to rogue wave theory, a rolling sea of ultracold photons are hanging just outside our plane of existence, along one of the other cross sections of the Calabi-Yau manifold. According to this rogue wave theory, random quantum convergence can predict with a certain probability the occurrence of surrounding swells suddenly donating wave-energy to single one. This is the cause of the 30 meter waves that we see in the ocean. When scientists used fancy radar satellites and mapped the swells over the globe, they found that about 5 rogue waves of 100 feet high exists at any one time. This is randomly scattered throughout the entire ocean, having no pattern. So, maybe a rogue wave of photons quantum entangle to create a super massive photon, which then reaches a critical angular momentum and tears itself apart, to create the matter-antimatter pair. Or, perhaps this can be disproved through Occam's Razor.
Considering how protons emit photons when they fuse, this can explain the nature of instability. If a critical energy level was reached when a super massive photon tore apart, then a single stable proton has a minimum amount of photons as mass. During the fusing process, emitting photons makes the two unstable and they unite to satisfy the vacuum for energy. They stick to equalize their instability, since both have fewer photons than they should.
-Philip
in search of combinatorial objects of finite extent