4D cordiates

Higher-dimensional geometry (previously "Polyshapes").

4D cordiates

Postby Frisk-256 » Mon May 13, 2024 7:07 pm

So I know in 3D there is Cartesian, Cylindrical, and spherical coordinates. So I am going to try to list and name 4D variants of these

Quickly listing of the 3D ones
Cartesian = (x , y , z)
Cylindrical = (cos(θ1)r1 , sin(θ1)r1 , z)
-Polar coordinates extruded
Spherical = (cos(θ1)sin(θ2)r1 , sin(θ1)sin(θ2)r1 , cos(θ2)r1)
-Polar coordinates revolved into a sphere

Now the 4D ones
Cartesian = (x , y , z , w)
Cubeinder = (cos(θ1)r1 , sin(θ1)r1 , z , w)
-Polar extruded 2 times
DuoCylindrical = (cos(θ1)r1 , sin(θ1)r1 , cos(θ2)r2 , sin(θ2)r2)
-Cartesian product of the polar coordinate system and the polar coordinate system
Spherinder = (cos(θ1)sin(θ2)r1 , sin(θ1)sin(θ2)r1 , cos(θ2)r1 , w)
-Spherical coordinates extruded
Hyperspherical = (cos(θ1)sin(θ2)sin(θ3)r1 , sin(θ1)sin(θ2)sin(θ3)r1 , cos(θ2)sin(θ3)r1 , cos(θ3)r1)
-Spherical coordinates revolved into a hypersphere

Is there any I missed? Is there any interesting ones beyond 4D?
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Joined: Sat Dec 30, 2023 7:54 pm

Re: 4D cordiates

Postby mr_e_man » Thu May 16, 2024 7:44 am

Yes, you missed one:
(cos(θ1)cos(θ2)r1 , sin(θ1)cos(θ2)r1 , cos(θ3)sin(θ2)r1 , sin(θ3)sin(θ2)r1)

In general, if you have an n-dimensional coordinate system, you can make an (n+1)-dimensional coordinate system, by taking any one Cartesian coordinate, let's call it u, and splitting it into two coordinates, cos(θ)u and sin(θ)u. This produces different hyperspherical coordinate systems.

In particular, the above is gotten from 3D spherical coordinates (cos(θ1)cos(θ2)r, sin(θ1)cos(θ2)r, sin(θ2)r) by replacing the third coordinate u=sin(θ2)r with (cos(θ3)u, sin(θ3)u).
ΓΔΘΛΞΠΣΦΨΩ αβγδεζηθϑικλμνξοπρϱσςτυϕφχψωϖ °±∓½⅓⅔¼¾×÷†‡• ⁰¹²³⁴⁵⁶⁷⁸⁹⁺⁻⁼⁽⁾₀₁₂₃₄₅₆₇₈₉₊₋₌₍₎
ℕℤℚℝℂ∂¬∀∃∅∆∇∈∉∋∌∏∑ ∗∘∙√∛∜∝∞∧∨∩∪∫≅≈≟≠≡≤≥⊂⊃⊆⊇ ⊕⊖⊗⊘⊙⌈⌉⌊⌋⌜⌝⌞⌟〈〉⟨⟩
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Re: 4D cordiates

Postby Frisk-256 » Fri May 17, 2024 2:44 pm

So is this just another hypersphere?
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Joined: Sat Dec 30, 2023 7:54 pm

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